Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas. Pancreas is an organ in abdomen behind the stomach, it secretes digestive juices aiding in digestion, and in addition it helps in maintaining normal glucose level in blood. Two most common causes of pancreatitis are gall stones and alcohol consumption.
Pancreatitis usually present with severe upper abdominal pain with radiation to back. Abdominal pain is accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Usually pancreatitis is mild to moderate in nature. At times it can be severe accompanied by respiratory failure, renal failure and cardiovascular failure. Severe pancreatitis requires treatment in intensive care setting.
Majority of pancreatitis patients are managed medically, however at times surgery is required as lifesaving procedure.
Pancreatitis can be prevented by timely surgery of gall stone disease and avoiding alcohol consumption.